Designed to remove bacteria from the infected root, a root canal’s purpose is to prevent the reinfection of that tooth and save as much of the natural tooth as possible.
This procedure will give you much needed pain relief and make your tooth healthy again. A root canal produces very effective results and with local anesthetic, virtually painless.
Your teeth are made up of two main parts: the root and the crown. The root of the tooth is below the gum line while the crown is the visible part of the tooth. In the crown you have what is known as a pulp chamber which continues toward the tip of the root called the root canal. The dental pulp, in the root canals, is made up of blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue that help the root of your tooth grow during its development.
After its development is completed the tooth can survive without the pulp, getting nourishment by the surrounding tissue. When the pulp tissue becomes infected, root canal treatment is needed to remove the infected dental pulp from the canal.
Root canal treatment today is very similar to regular cavity fillings. Your dentist will start by administering a local anesthetic for your comfort and follow that by prepping your tooth by wrapping a film around your tooth to keep it dry during the procedure.
Next, a hole will be drilled into the crown of the tooth to remove the infected pulp from the pulp chamber and the root canals. Once the bacteria is removed, the root canals are filled with a permanent flexible material that will alter to the state of the tooth over time. Finally, a composite material is placed as a permanent filling. Depending on the severity of your case and infection, a crown may be needed to fully restore the tooth.
After the procedure, you may experience some discomfort but that should go away within a day or two. A properly restored tooth can last for many years to come but professional cleanings and daily brushing and flossing are a must
A root canal is needed whenever you experience pain in a tooth that appears to be infected. Signs of infection can be discoloration, odor and prolonged sensitivity. Causes of this can be due to improper or excessive dental procedures, a cracked or chipped tooth allowing bacteria to enter the tooth or trauma. Once your dentist identifies that your tooth is infected it must be determined whether or not it is able to be saved, or if it should be extracted instead. If it is the first case your dentist will perform a root canal or refer you to an endodontist (a dentist specialized exclusively in root canals and similar procedures).
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